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UPDATE: The Commissioners voted to hold another meeting to discuss further after the first of the year. Several community members were present to address the group.
At 9am TODAY, the Board of Park Commissioners will meet to consider one item on their agenda – the fate of Providence’s Christopher Columbus statue.
The group will meet at the Roger Williams Park Botanical Center. The meeting is open to the public.
The one item on the agenda is:
REVIEW AND ACT UPON RECOMMENDATION OF THE CITY OF PROVIDENCE SPECIAL COMMITTEE FOR THE REVIEW OF COMMEMORATIVE WORKS PERTAINING TO THE BERTHOLDI CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS STATUE PREVIOUSLY SITUATED IN RESERVOIR TRIANGLE/COLUMBUS SQUARE PARK.
Ray Rickman, Chairman of the Special Committee for Commemorative Works
Stephanie Fortunato, Director of Art, Culture +Tourism
Wendy Nilsson, Parks Superintendent
Discussion and vote
PER ORDER THE BOARD OF PARK COMMISSIONERSMayor Jorge O. Elorza, Chairman
Chairman Mayor Jorge O. Elorza
Councilman John J. Igliozzi
Councilman Nicholas Narducci
Commissioner Elli Panichas
Commissioner Sara McConnell
Commissioner Marilyn Cepeda-Andujar
Commissioner Elizabeth Gordon-Martin
RINewsToday has learned that the main proposal to be considered is to facilitate a sale of the statue as a work of art with proceeds supporting the community. We have also learned that at least two Italian-American groups may attend and propose the saving of the historic statue for Rhode Island, specifically on behalf of the Italian-American community, and that it be placed in another location. Both Federal Hill and a park in Johnston have been proposed. RISD had also indicated interest. Mayor Polisena has said he would be willing to accept it for their park, and provide a secure location.
The bronze cast was dedicated November 8, 1893 as a gift from the Elmwood Association to the City of Providence. The statue was created in 1893 by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2001. Bartholdi’s other famous work is the Statue of Liberty which resides in New York Harbor, a gift of the French to America.
The Christopher Columbus statue was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2001.
The commission will hear comment and vote on the recommendation of the Special Committee for Commemorative Works, to sell the statue.
Their 37 page main report begins with the origins of the statue:
In 1893, the original Columbus statue was unveiled at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago. Designed by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, the famed French sculptor of the Statue of Liberty, the Columbus sculpture was shipped across the Atlantic and cast from 30,000 ounces of sterling silver at the Gorham plant once situated by Mashapaug Pond in Providence, Rhode Island. The company wanted to present a piece at the exposition that would catch its spectators’ eyes and demonstrate its casting and design skills. It was no coincidence that Christopher Columbus was the chosen subject for its showpiece.
Around 1,600 pounds of molten bronze were poured by the Gorham Company to manufacture the piece. Gorham intended to present the statue to “the city of Providence as a memorial of the Columbian year and celebration, and the successful issue of the magnificent silver statue which brought fame to the city as well as the silversmiths” but the City of Providence needed to consider its options before accepting the acquisition. The Providence City Council had passed a resolution in June of 1893 to consider the Dexter Training Field as a permanent home for themonument in a Joint Special Committee. However, the Elmwood Association, a civic group from the residential neighborhood near the Gorham plant, took the initiative.
Having already raised funds for the statue’s purchase, they proposed to place the figure between Reservoir andElmwood Avenue. The city considered the Elmwood Association’s plan under the conditions that the association “guarantee of a sufficient amount to assure the bronze statue for the city.” The association agreed and gifted the statue to the city to place it in their proposed location. A Mr. Joseph J. Cook, the first contributor to the subscription fund and “most earnest advocates of the Elmwood plan,” presented to the city plans for a park to hold the statue and naming it “Columbus Square.”
The unveiling ceremony began on November 8, 1893. A procession formed at the Elmwood Clubhouse at the corner of Burnett Street and Elmwood Ave. “under the escort of Reeves’s American Band12 and a chorus of over 300 children” from the Elmwood Grammar and Point Street School. A platoon of police from the 7th Station, belonging to a precinct from the neighborhood, also participated in the march.
During the evening, “there was a general illumination of the residences in Elmwood, and there was a [copious] display of flags, lanterns and red fire.
Recommendations:Our primary recommendation for this statue is for the City of Providence to remove it from Columbus Square and public view in order to improve the park for Elmwood residents andaddress ongoing legacies of genocide and colonialism in Providence. As our referenced casestudies show, there is significant precedent for municipalities choosing to remove honorificColumbus statues in recognition of his role in facilitating genocide, slavery, and colonialism inthe Americas.
However, in line with statements from Karen Hlynsky, Chair of the ElmwoodNeighborhood Association, as well as other Elmwood residents, the statue should not be movedto the Federal Hill neighborhood. As Hlynsky wrote in an email to us on December 4, 2018, “I’mopposed to such a move where Columbus would be heralded as a hero, with no deeper discussionthan that.”
We recommend that the City of Providence seek museums or collectors of Gorham art toaccession the statue. After preliminary conversations with Maureen O’Brien, Curator of Paintingand Sculpture at the RISD Museum, we believe that the RISD Museum may be a suitable settingfor the statue, due to its relevance as a piece of art designed by a master artist (Bartholdi) as wellas the Museum’s collecting interest in Gorham Manufacturing. While space is a concern,conversations with O’Brien show that the RISD Museum is interested in the statue, and is in factplanning an exhibition of Gorham silver in 2019. Should a museum or collector of Gorham art accession the statue, its move from Columbus Square should include critical conversations aboutColumbus’ legacy.
However, removal of the statue is only the beginning of the process to assure that theElmwood community enjoys access to a renovated, publicly-funded park space. Decisions abouthow to replace the statue and improve the park should be formulated through ongoingcommunity conversations with key stakeholders outlined in the previous section. One possibilityfor replacement is a statue of a prominent Native American, in line with Darrell Waldron’scomment that “I don’t believe there is one Native American statue in Rhode Island.” If removal is not possible, we recommend that the City of Providence collaborates withrepresentatives from Native Nations to contextualize the statue with signage as well as providesfunds for artwork created by one or several Native artists to counter the statue’s presence the parkand open up dialogue. An example of recent art project is the Still Here mural in Providence,created by Baltimore-based artist Gaia in collaboration with Narragansett leaders and educatorsfrom the Tomaquag Museum.
This report has identified some initial contacts such as Karen Hlynsky, the TomaquagMuseum, the RISD Museum, and Darrell Waldron but any final decision regarding Columbuswill require more in-depth conversations with community stakeholders, this could be donethrough methods such as surveys or focus groups. Particular attention should be paid to theElmwood neighborhood as they will be most directly impacted by any decision regardingColumbus Square. The neighborhood is home to both people of Dominican descent and NativeNations; both communities may have strong feelings regarding Columbus and his legacy.
Read the entire report, here:
Past Stories on the Columbus Statue from RINewsToday:
Italian American War Veterans of RI (ITAMRI) to Mayor Elorza: Return Columbus statue immediately
Save the statues – by David Brussat
Andiamo! RI Italian-American groups coming together to defend their history
Leave the statue where it is. Removing a Statue does not change history. History is set in stone. Like this statue needs to be. We will not yield to a bunch of miserable people.