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Photo: Actress Selma Blair and son – Selma has been public about her struggle with MS
by Matt Collins, M.D., MBA – for ConvergenceRI.com
A new Health of America report from the Blue Cross Blue Shield Association [BCBSA] shows that commercially insured Americans with Multiple Sclerosis [MS] are three times more likely to have behavioral health conditions, including major depression and substance use disorder. The report – “The Health Impact of Multiple Sclerosis,” published on Oct. 8 – also shows that those diagnosed with MS are two to three times more likely to experience chronic health conditions, such as hypertension and high cholesterol. Here in Rhode Island another data point stands out – the state has the second highest MS diagnosis rate [36 diagnosed per 10,000 people] in the U.S., and is well above the national average [24 diagnosed per 10,000]. Only Washington, D.C., has a higher diagnosis rate than Rhode Island. The Northeast overall had the highest diagnosis rates. The question is: What does this mean? Let’s start by talking about what MS is.
Multiple Sclerosis is a life-long disease of the central nervous system that disrupts the body’s ability to send neurological signals within and between the brain and other parts of the body. While MS symptoms widely vary per person, they often include progressive physical and cognitive decline. The cause of MS is not known and there is no cure yet, but there are U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved medications that have been shown to slow the disease course and progression. The report data, which looked at commercially insured members of Blue Cross and Blue Shield companies from 2014 to 2017, also found that 75 percent of those diagnosed with MS were women and that the average age of someone living with MS is 47 years old.
Why is Rhode Island’s diagnosis rate so high?
When looking at the data, it’s important to acknowledge that the report is
representative of only the commercially insured population, and Rhode Island
has a particularly high percentage of insured individuals. In fact, in 2017
[the last year of data the report included]
, Rhode Island was one of just six
states with an uninsured rate of 8 percent or less.
When we look at the why, there are a few important things to consider. There’s
likely greater awareness of MS, which is certainly a good thing as that
awareness can accelerate treatment and research. It could also indicate better
access to primary care and improved diagnostic capabilities at the provider
level. Both the Multiple Sclerosis Center at Rhode Island Hospital and the MS
Center of Care New England are dedicated to providing comprehensive care that
addresses the many intricacies of the disease.
Due to the chronic conditions and behavioral health issues that typically
accompany MS, a strong partnership with primary care providers [PCP] is
essential since your PCP can serve as the quarterback for care needs.
Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Rhode Island also supports programs that improve
access to care, such as the support provided through patient-centered medical
homes, which often have a low- or no-cost cost share.
Telehealth can also be an effective tool for people living with MS, especially
those who are in pain and have difficulty leaving their home to see their PCP
in-person. Our telehealth platform, Doctors Online, allows our members to
connect with top-rated, board-certified health care providers from home, work
or while traveling – 365 days a year, 24 hours a day.
Every day in Rhode Island, and around the country, people with MS are coping
with the symptoms of the disease and its impact on their daily lives. With an
emphasis on coordinated care, we can help people delay their symptoms, manage
chronic conditions and ensure they receive the most appropriate care at the
right time and in the right setting.Matt Collins, M.D., MBA, is the chief medical officer and
executive vice president of Blue Cross & Blue Shield of Rhode Island
This article is reprinted with permission of ConvergenceRI.com, Richard Asinof, editor